April 4. 1868.

Aus:
The Economist, 4. April 1868. S. 379/380.
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French Taxation.

Nach Einhorn fällt 10£ nearly on family ⦗da: Average Expenditure of Gvt. 88 Mill. l. p. an. und the number of families – counting 2 persons living solitary, as one family is, in round numbers, £9,327,000.⦘ Nur few von den 4,600,000 families, consisting of small proprietors, farmers, métayers, agricultural day labourers, clear a net revenue of £40 a year. Even in manufacturing industry, such an income not the lot of the large majority. Only the „privileged minority“ even in Paris, can make £60 a year. Smaller sum safely taken as income of the vast majority in France. Dann: Communal and departmental expenditure – the „budget des dépenses sur ressources spéciales“ – amounts to 11 Mill. £ St. p.a. Dann die „municipal budgets“, in Paris alon alone £10,000,000, only 1/5 of which supplied by the Imperial Government; the other great towns in France follow suit. Moderately calculated, the total taxation in Paris per family £24 p. annum.

Larger part of French Taxes on Consumption, or are the price of services which the State is supposed to render. The license tax heaviest for small trader. Stamp duties, Registration Duties, Duties generally on the transmission of property, heaviest in proportion on small dealings, inverse progressive rate. Still more true of taxes on articles of consumption. „Petit bleu“, which poisons the workman, bears same duty as „Chateau Margeau“, quaffed by the Master; the same with fish, viands, liquors. Besides, the expenses affected by such taxes form a larger proportion of the budget of the garret than the budget of the first floor. 20% added to the price of his articles of living absorbs 1/5 of a workman’s income, only 1/20 of his richer neighbourʼs.

Nach Einhorn the aggregate Income (Annual) der French Population: 373 Mill. £; nach A. Cochut, 640 Mill. £.

French Economists reckon that the taxe Foncier alone takes 1/10 of the net produce of the soil. In fact, die French Gvt. takes 1/5, if not 1/4, from those least able to pay.

Besides, many French taxes are clogs to industry. Patent, or licence tax, impedes every shopkeeper; duties on liquors, from their number und complexity, besonders troublesome to trade. Their Expense of collection 10% of receipts.



Inhalt:

  • Inhaltsverzeichnis von Friedrich Engels
  • 1869 I Heft
  • Money Market. 1868.
  • Money Market Review. Jahrgang 1868.
  • The Economist. Jahrgang 1868. Nachträge
    • The Economist. Jahrgang 1868.
    • Inhaltsregister für 1868 Jahrgang. („Money Market Review“ und „Economist“.)
    • Kommentar zu George Joachim Goschen
      • George J. Goschen: The Theory of the Foreign Exchange. 7th edit. London 1866.
      • Friedrich Ernst Feller, Carl Gustav Odermann: Das Ganze der kaufmännischen Arithmetik
      • Inhalt.