The Economist, 11. Januar 1868. S. 33.
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Fires and Incendiarism. Economist. 11 January. 1868.

The evidence given before the Select Committee on Fire Protection startling. After carefully weighing the evidence presented to it, the committee reports that apparently 1/3 of the fires which occur in England are intentional. … There is such a competition for business among the various offices, that it is better worth their while to pay fraudulent claims than to alienate new insurers. „The sympathy of the jury, and of the Court, is always against the office“, says the Imperial Fire Assurance Office. – Insurance office which prosecute are supposed to do so with an eye to personal advantage – and that the verdict of guilty for which they strive, is in reality a verdict for the amount of the policy. … The assessor to the County Fire Office gives as a list of the classes with whom fires are most frequent: „small shopkeepers on the verge of bankruptcy; foreigners principally of the Hebrew Persuasion, Germans or Poles; the stock of these persons consists principally of dummies or imitation goods made of plaster of Paris; cheesemongers and chandler-shop keepers have half-tubs of butter, sides of bacon, bladders of lard, cheeses; grocers have loaves of sugar, chests of tea, and reams of paper; tobacconists have cigars in bundles; tailors and linendrapers, rolls of cloth made of straw, and parcels filled with sawdust; publicans, wine merchants, and perfumers, the contents of bottles are coloured water.“

The insurance offices remark that whenever one branch of trade is depressed, fires are sure to happen among their votaries.

January 4, 1868.

The Economist, 4. Januar 1868. S. 1.
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Money Market.  Zusatz von Marx.
(Notes Reserves mit Country Banks.[)]

B.o.E. Notes with the Public 1 Jan. ’68. 2 Jan. 67 3 Jan. ’66.
£24,842,000 £23,740,000 £22,200,000

DerEconomist“ meint, daß die increase of 21/2 Mill. in the outstanding notes tells significantly of the larger Actual Note Reserves kept by Country Bankers.

The Economist, 4. Januar 1868. S. 1–3.
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The Alleged Degeneration of England in Commercial Morality.

Spectator (chorus of lamentation over the pitiable condition of commercial morality in this country) affirms „that dishonesty is the besetting sin of the middle class.“ Aber Frage: „whether the commercial class of to-day is positively less honest than the commercial class of the last generation?“ … Not at all …  Zusatz von Marx.
Seine doctrin:
Die „latent immorality“ gleich groß. Besondre Umstände develop sie nur oder besondre temptation.  Kommentar von Marx.
⦗Der Esel sagt das indeß alles zur Vertheidigung der present Commercial Morality.⦘
Great openings for safe fraud suddenly presented … What is it which really tries commercial morality in its most delicate essence? Clearly, a widely ramified system of credit. It is no great moral achievement not to cheat in a ready-money transaction … No national character for commercial honesty can … be fairly established at all, until thoroughly tried and tested by an extensive system of credit. Aber credit never developed in any age of the world, or country at the present time, wie recently in England und U. States. Man kann daher nicht compare the England or America of 1867 (in Bezug auf entwikeltes Creditsystem) mit France or Germany of 1867, or even mit England und America of 1837 or 1847. Und dann, nützlicher to compare a commercial morality exposed to the newest, most complicated, and heaviest possible trials, with a commercial morality exposed to very much less complicated and much lighter trials, and trials of a kind to which it had already become inured. Take Railways. Englisch Railways nicht subject to State Control, wie die meisten Foreign ones. Die Vergleichung fails again. … England nur zu vergleichen mit U. States, und da der comparison is not disgraceful to England.

The Economist, 4. Januar 1868. S. 4.
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Considerable Fall in Prices. Seit 1866.

A) Wholesale Prices. London 1st January of 1868, 1867 und 1866.
Articles 1 Jan. 1868 1 Jan. 1867. 1 Jan. 1866. 1868 less than
1867 1866
I) P.Ct. P.Ct.
1) Cotton. Dhollera lb. 51/2d. 121/2d. 171/4d. 58 70
2) Silk Raw. Cossim lb. 16s. 19s. 20s. 18 20
3) Flax. St. Petersburg. ton. £53 £54 £80 34
4) Wool. English S. D. 240 lb. £141/2 £19 £22 24 33
5) Oil, Seal, Pale. 252 gls. £41. £46 £50 10 20
6) Saltpetre. Eng. Refin. cwt. 31s. 24s. 28s.
7) Copper. T. C. ton £76. £86 £106 10 29
8) Iron. – B. Bars. £61/2 £7 £8 8 20
9) Tin. – English Bars. £96. £85 £104 8
10) Yarn. Mule. 40.’s 40’s lb. 111/2d. 21d. 30d. 46 64
11) Cotton Cloth – Gold End. 10s. 4d. 15s. 9d. 18s. 6d. 37 44

During the same time, the wages in all the trades dependent on these raw materials have fallen from 20 to 30%. The cost of producing most of the great articles of export composing our foreign trade has been reduced 1/3 during the last 2 years. Suffering and distress inflicted by this gigantic revulsion was inevitable. Terrible penalty entailed by the infatuated notions of the Prosperity years. Export Trade feels  Zusatz von Marx.
schon the effect of this Cheapness.

B) 1867, 1866, 1865. Eleven Months end. November. Exports of Manufactures. Value and Quantities.
Value. Million £. Quantities.
Articles. 1867. 1866. 1865. 1867. 1866. 1865.
Mlns. Mlns. Mlns.

Cotton Yarn.






94 lbs

Cotton Piece Goods. 48.8 53.1 41.0 2,567 2,341 1,850 yards
62.5 65.5 50.3 2,720 2,467 1,944

Iron. Puddled et Pig.






0.49 tons

     Bar and Bolt 2.2 2.1 2.0 0.27 0.25 0.23
     Rail 4.6 3.9 3.3 0.55 0.46 0.40
8.4 7.4 6.7 1.35 1.16 1.12 tons
Iron. Total. All kinds. 14.2 13.7 12.2 1.77 1.56 1.48 tons.
Woollen Cloths. 5.0 5.0 3.7 29.47 32.31 24.27 Yards
The Economist, 4. Januar 1868. S. 9–11.
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French Companies. (From „Le Finance“. 1866.[)]

In 1866 Calls made in France for French Cos. 496,000,000 (round figures) und für Foreign Cos. 514,000,000f. Davon waren:

In: French Companies: Comptoir d’Escompte (30 Mill. fc.) Société Générale (30 Mill. fc.) The Fives-Lille (6,150,000f.) Railways 300 Mls. fc.

In Foreign Undertakings: Suez Canal (100 Mill. f.) Austrian Credit Foncier (115 Mill. f.) Nagares of the Span. Gvt. (47,500,000f.) Conversion of Spanish Debt (2,500,000f. Tunisian Loan (31,500,000f.) Russian loan (89,500,000f.) Danub. Princip. (31,500,000) Austrian Railways: 33,750,000f.|


The Economist, 4. Januar 1868. S. 11.
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Annual Rate of Mortality in 1867 per 1000 persons living in great cities of U. Kingd.

London, 23, Bristol, 23, Birmingham, 24, Sheffield, 25, Hull, 25, Leeds, 27, Edinburgh 27, Dublin 27, Salford 29, Glasgow, 29, Liverpool 30, Manchester 31, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 31. Decrease in almost all the towns upon the rates of 1866.


  • Inhaltsverzeichnis von Friedrich Engels
  • 1869 I Heft
  • Money Market. 1868.
  • Money Market Review. Jahrgang 1868.
  • The Economist. Jahrgang 1868. Nachträge
    • The Economist. Jahrgang 1868.
    • Inhaltsregister für 1868 Jahrgang. („Money Market Review“ und „Economist“.)
    • Kommentar zu George Joachim Goschen
      • George J. Goschen: The Theory of the Foreign Exchange. 7th edit. London 1866.
      • Friedrich Ernst Feller, Carl Gustav Odermann: Das Ganze der kaufmännischen Arithmetik
      • Inhalt.