22 February 1868.

The Money Market Review, 22. Februar 1868. S. 218/219.
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Railways. Paying Weight and Dead Weight.  Zusatz von Marx.
(Wear and Tear.) (Permanent Way.)

On the Metropolitan engines and carriages now in use heavier and more expensive than on any line in U. Kingd. except the North London Railway. Consequent upon this, the permanent way is more expensive in first cost, and it suffers more from wear and tear. The Metropolitan engines weigh 42 tons: of this weight 32 tons are placed on 4 wheels, being at rate of 16 tons per pair of wheels. On the London and North Western line the most powerful engines weigh considerably under 30 tons, which are distributed over 6 wheels, being less than 10 tons per pair of wheels. Again, the Metropolitan passenger carriages weigh 16 tons empty, and they carry 48 first class and 70 second and third class passengers. Taking 2 of the second and third class carriages to 1 of the former, average about 63 passengers to each carriage weighing 16 tons. On the North Western, the Brighton, and some other lines, the passenger carriages weigh about 6 tons and carry 24 first class, 40 second class, and 50 third class passengers. This gives average of 38 passengers to 6 tons of weight, or 6.33 passengers per ton, as compared with 63 passengers to 16 tons, or less than 4 passengers per ton in the carriages of the Metropolitan. Taking the number of passengers actually carried on the Metropolitan, rate of dead weight hauled as against paying load is as 8 to 1 or 871/2 p.c. In other words, 8 tons of dead non-paying load is carried to 1 ton of passenger paying load. If the weight of the engine were included in the calculations, dead-weight equal to 12 tons for every single ton of passengers. A London omnibus, which has to travel over all kinds of roads, bad and good, carries 2 tons of passengers and 1 ton of dead weight. No mechanical reason why, allowing extra weight for increased speed, the proportion of paying to dead weight should not be vastly increased.

Twenty years ago Mr. Samuel, the then engineer of the Eastern Counties Railway, called the attention of the directors to importance of the question involved between dead and paying weight. He demonstrated by actual experiments, carried on for 18 months, that the problem could be solved of assimilating the proportions of dead and paying weights at speeds varying from 30 to 50 miles per hour. He did this by his celebrated light engine, „the Enfield“. Was disregarded by the Board. Mechanical invention has gone no further in that direction.

That the dead weight carried by the Metropolitan is destructive to the permanent way is obvious from the facts. The way first laid with iron rails case-hardened. Before long they were so worn that deemed expedient to alter the quality, and steel railways for renewals were obtained from John Brown et Co, Sheffield. These also gave way; other rails for renewals obtained from Ch. Cammell et Co, Sheffield. All this in 5 years, 3 renewals in 5 years over the heaviest portions.

The Money Market Review, 22. Februar 1868. S. 220.
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Net Profits and Dividends of London Joint Stock Bks., last half year (’67)

London and Westminster: dividend 32. Lond. and County 18. London Joint Stock 121/2. Union 15; City, 7. Alliance 0. Lond. et South Western 5, Consolidated, 5, East London, 5. Metropolitan 5%.

The Money Market Review, 22. Februar 1868. S. 236
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Decline in Trade with Un. States.

Nach commercial advices from New York the imports of dry goods (comprising all manufactures of wool, cotton, silk, flax) during January ’68 only £1,020,000 less than 1/2 amount in corresponding month of 1867, und about £700,000 less than average importation of same month during last 19 years.


  • Inhaltsverzeichnis von Friedrich Engels
  • 1869 I Heft
  • Money Market. 1868.
  • Money Market Review. Jahrgang 1868.
  • The Economist. Jahrgang 1868. Nachträge
    • The Economist. Jahrgang 1868.
    • Inhaltsregister für 1868 Jahrgang. („Money Market Review“ und „Economist“.)
    • Kommentar zu George Joachim Goschen
      • George J. Goschen: The Theory of the Foreign Exchange. 7th edit. London 1866.
      • Friedrich Ernst Feller, Carl Gustav Odermann: Das Ganze der kaufmännischen Arithmetik
      • Inhalt.