Difference between the Currencies of England and Ireland: At the time of the great recoinage of William III, it was determined that the English shilling would pass for 13d. in Ireland, also = 1s. + 1d. Irish. Any sum of English money hence = the same sum of Irish money + 1/12. 12 English l. = 13 Irish; 100 English £. = 108l. 6s. 8d. Irish. At whatever rate the exchange is stated in the following chapters, 81/2% must always be deducted, in order to exhibit the amount in which it is favourable or unfavourable; f.i. when the exchange is said to be 19, it is 102/3% against Ireland.


  • Inhaltsverzeichnis von Friedrich Engels
  • Heft II. 1869
  • The Daily News, 20. Mai 1869
    • Notiz
      • Kaufmannsrechnung. (Continuatio)
      • John Leslie Foster, (of Lincoln’s Inn): An Essay on the Principle of Commercial Exchanges. London. 1804.
      • Ch. Lyell. Principles of Geology. 7th ed. London 1847.
      • Otto Hausner: Vergleichende Statistik von Europa (Lemberg. 1865) II. Band.
      • Michael Thomas Sadler. M.P.: Ireland; its Evils and their Remedies. 2nd ed. London. 1829